Embedding an Indian knowledge system rooted in the local context, developing “pride in India” and eradicating the culture of rote learning are among the key directions suggested by a mandate document released Friday by the Ministry of Education of India. the Union for the development of a new National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for textbooks in India.
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The document titled “Guidelines for National Curriculum Framework Development”, which outlines the process of formulating the NCF, was launched by the union’s education minister, Dharmendra Pradhan, in Bengaluru.
Calling it a step towards the ‘decolonization’ of India’s education system, Pradhan said: ‘The National Education Policy 2020 is the ‘philosophy’, the national curriculum framework is the ‘way’ and the mandate document released today. today is the “constitution” to uphold the changing demands of the 21st century and positively impact the future.
The National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and the Union Ministry of Education have already started the process of developing four NFCs in the areas of early childhood care and education. childhood, school education, teacher training and adult education, as part of the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
Describing the purpose of education, the document says: “It is about developing good human beings, capable of independent and rational thought and action, with compassion and humanity, with courage and creative imagination, on the basis of solid ethical moorings and rootedness in India. ”
The document advocates integrating Indian knowledge systems, heritage and traditions into the education system, and talks about including in the curriculum critical issues facing local communities, states and the country. In line with the NEP, the document emphasizes preference for the regional language as the language of instruction up to at least grade 5, and preferably up to grade 8 and beyond.
According to the document, the curriculum should encapsulate the overall experience of students at school and should also focus on the school environment and culture. He further clarifies that the main objective of the NCF should be to target teachers as they are “ultimately the torchbearers of change”. “The NCF should take into account the reality of an average teacher deprived of a realistic path to the ideal from the current reality, in clear steps, taking into account the resources available to teachers, the expected capacities of the teacher and the surrounding system…”
The document also recommended that states and the Center act “urgently” with “high focus” to close the learning gap caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
“While the NCF is being developed, the country’s education system continues to have important, urgent and important priorities. The pandemic has disrupted the learning continuum for the vast majority of our children, and states and the Center must act urgently and with great care to close this learning gap over the next 12 months,” said he declared.